Periodontist - Cedar Rapids
1909 51st St NE
Cedar Rapids, IA 52402
319-294-4800

Online Dental Education Library

Our team of dental specialists and staff strive to improve the overall health of our patients by focusing on preventing, diagnosing and treating conditions associated with your teeth and gums. Please use our dental library to learn more about dental problems and treatments available. If you have questions or need to schedule an appointment, contact us.

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Patient Resources
... Brushing Flossing Fluoride Facts Mouth Rinses Sealants X-Rays Denture Care Emergency Care Prevention Tips for Children Women and Tooth Care Seniors and Oral Health Nutrition and Your Teeth Dental Problems Abscessed Tooth Bad Breath (halitosis) Bulimia Nervosa Canker/Cold Sores Cavities and Tooth Decay Toothaches Diabetes Dry Mouth Fluorosis Gum Disease (Gingivitis) Impacted/Wisdom Teeth Lacerations and Cuts Oral Cancer Plaque Sensitive Teeth Teeth Grinding (Bruxism) Jaw Disorders Treatment Braces (Orthodontia) Sealants Missing Teeth Bridges Crowns Root Canal Therapy Extractions Scaling and Root Planing Flap Surgery Dentures Jaw/TMJ Maxillofacial Surgery Cosmetic Dentistry Cosmetic Dentistry Veneers Teeth Whitening Bleaching Chipped, Cracked, and Worn Teeth Implants Grafts Old and Unsightly Fillings Bonding Excessive or Uneven Gums Ridge Augmentation Invisalign ® Pain Management Overview Managing Pain Anesthesia Air Abrasion Medications Patient Information Your First Dental Visit Dental Emergencies Your Rights as a Patient Product Reviews Oral Health Products Choosing a Toothbrush Types of Floss Water Picks Mouth Rinses Glossary Links

Dental Services
...The pockets make it hard to clean away plaque...

Periodontal Surgery may be Needed to Halt Gum Disease and Encourage Healing
There’s only one way to effectively halt the progressive damage of periodontal (gum) disease — completely remove the bacterial plaque and hardened deposits (calculus) from above and below the gum line that are causing the infection...

Why Halitosis Happens
...Unlike the front of your tongue, which is bathed in saliva, the back of the tongue is relatively dry and poorly cleansed — an ideal setting in which microbe-laden plaque can form and flourish...

Cosmetic Gum Surgery Can Restore Health as Well as Appearance to Gums
... In conjunction with plaque removal to stop gum disease and possibly other treatments like orthodontics to correct misaligned teeth, cosmetic gum surgery is used to rejuvenate lost gum tissues around teeth through tissue grafting...

Professional Cleanings Help you Maintain Healthy Teeth and Gums
...The “why” is pretty straightforward — we’re removing plaque and calculus...

Find and Treat the Actual Source of Tooth Pain to Relieve it
...If the source is gum disease, we must manually remove the bacterial plaque causing the disease from all tooth and gum surfaces to stop the infection and allow the gums to heal...

Pay Attention to Gum Disease Warning Signs for an Early Diagnosis
...Plaque removal, antibiotics and possible surgical intervention have proven quite effective in stopping the infection and restoring diseased tissues; however, the more advanced the disease, the more difficult it can be to treat...

Beyonce Makes Flossing a Family Affair
...That way, you can be sure they’re learning the right techniques and keeping their teeth plaque-free, while making the experience challenging and fun...

Don't Delay Treatment of Gum Disease
...Caused mainly by plaque left on tooth surfaces from poor hygiene practices, the deeper the infection spreads below the gum line, the more difficult it is to treat...

Actor David Ramsey Says: Don't Forget to Floss!
... Oral diseases such as tooth decay and periodontal disease often start when dental plaque, a bacteria-laden film that collects on teeth, is allowed to build up...

You May Need Surgery to Repair the Damage of Gum Recession
... The most prominent cause, though, is periodontal (gum) disease, a bacterial infection triggered by plaque buildup on tooth surfaces due to poor oral hygiene...

Gingivitis Could Become a More Serious Form of Gum Disease
...Characterized by inflamed and bleeding gums, gingivitis is caused by an infection triggered by bacterial plaque, a thin film of food remnant built up on tooth surfaces...

5 Questions to Ask Yourself About Your Risk for Tooth Decay
...Bacteria that make up plaque feed on any food remnants that adhere to tooth surfaces...

Sofia Vergara: 'Obsessed' With Oral Hygiene
...Calcified (hardened) dental plaque (tartar or calculus) can build up near the gum line over time — even if you brush and floss every day...

You May Need Your Gums Checked More Frequently After Gum Disease
... Gum disease arises from dental plaque, a thin film of bacteria and food remnants built up on tooth surfaces due to poor oral hygiene...

Dr. Travis Stork: Don't Ignore Bleeding Gums
...1 percent for those over 65! Periodontal disease can occur when a bacteria-rich biofilm in the mouth (also called plaque) is allowed to build up on tooth and gum surfaces...

Treating Gum Abscesses and the Underlying Gum Disease
... An abscess is a pus-filled sac that develops as a result of chronic (long-standing) gum disease, an infection caused by bacterial plaque that’s built up on tooth surfaces from inadequate oral hygiene or from a foreign body (food debris) getting stuck below the gums...

Cosmetic Gum Surgery Can Help Restore Lost Tissues Around Teeth
...This aggressive infection arises from bacteria in dental plaque, a thin film that builds up on tooth surfaces due to inadequate oral hygiene...

Winning the War on Gum Disease Requires Post-Treatment Vigilance
... Gum disease begins and thrives on a thin film of bacteria and food particles on tooth surfaces called plaque...

Answers to Expectant Mothers' Frequent Questions
... It’s important to brush your teeth thoroughly twice a day with ADA-approved fluoridated toothpaste to remove plaque, a thin layer of bacteria and food remnants that adhere to teeth...

Advancing Gum Disease Requires Thorough Treatment to Control it
...Neglecting oral hygiene allows bacterial plaque to build up on tooth surfaces, which can give rise to aggressive gum infections known collectively as periodontal (gum) disease...

Any Time, Any Place: Cam Newton's Guide to Flossing
...Here are a few: It's well established that when plaque is allowed to build up on teeth, tooth decay and gum disease are bound to follow...

Your Gum Tissue 'Biotype' Could Determine How Gum Disease Affects You
... Either of these conditions will require extensive treatment beyond basic plaque control...

Lasers are Making an Impact in Treating Gum Disease
...To fight it we have to remove the substance that causes and sustains the disease from all oral surfaces — a thin layer of bacteria and food particles known as plaque...

FAQs: Keeping Your Mouth Healthy After Gum Disease Treatment
...Others may have greater success controlling the buildup of disease-causing plaque with at-home oral hygiene measures, and therefore need PM less often...

Seek Immediate Treatment for this Advanced Form of Gingivitis
...These are all signs of gingivitis, a periodontal (gum) disease that arises from bacterial plaque, a thin biofilm that builds up on tooth surfaces when a person doesn't brush or floss...

Treating Gum Disease Important to Saving the Underlying Bone
... Stopping gum disease depends on removing its source — plaque, a thin biofilm of bacteria and food particles accumulating on tooth surfaces, due to poor oral hygiene...

Expert Advice: Vivica A. Fox on Kissing and Oral health
...Brushing removes the sticky, bacteria-laden plaque that clings to your teeth and causes tooth decay and gum disease — not to mention malodorous breath...

Beyond Their Marketing Claims, Most Toothpastes are Surprisingly Similar
...Taken together, these ingredients help toothpaste perform its primary task — removing daily bacterial plaque from tooth surfaces...

4 Reasons Why You May Need to See a Periodontist for Your Gum Disease
...All dentists are skilled in basic treatment procedures for gum disease, particularly removing plaque and calculus (hardened plaque deposits) that cause and sustain infections...

Lasers Could One Day be Commonplace for Treating Gum Disease
...But the goal behind all of them remains the same: remove bacterial plaque and calculus (tartar), the root cause for gum disease, from all tooth and gum surfaces...

In Today's NFL, Oral Hygiene Takes Center Stage
...Others contain antibacterial ingredients; these can help control the harmful oral bacteria found in plaque — the sticky film that can build up on your teeth in between cleanings...

Don't let Periodontal Disease Cause Your Gums to Recede
...This bacterial infection, triggered by built-up dental plaque on teeth due to insufficient oral hygiene, can cause the gum tissues to detach from teeth and shrink back (recede)...

Assessing Your Risk for Severe Gum Disease
...Brushing and flossing removes bacterial plaque and food particles which accumulate on tooth surfaces...

Get a Dental Exam as Soon as Possible if you Suspect Gum Disease
... Gum disease is a bacterial infection that's most often triggered by plaque, a thin film of food particles on tooth surfaces...

The Perils of a Loose Permanent Tooth - and What to do About it
...Bacterial plaque built up on teeth from poor oral hygiene causes a chronic infection that eventually weakens gum attachment to the teeth...

Have a Loose Tooth? You'll Need This Two-Phase Treatment to Save It
...First and foremost, we need to bring the gum infection under control by removing plaque and calculus (tartar) — the “fuel” for the infection — from all tooth and gum surfaces...

Consider Saving a Tooth Before you Decide to Replace it
... While decay damage can be significant, adult teeth are more at risk from periodontal (gum) disease, a gum infection caused by bacterial plaque on tooth surfaces...

Some Blood Pressure Medications May Affect Your Oral Health
...Studies have found that frequent dental visits to remove bacterial plaque and calculus (hardened plaque deposits) may significantly reduce gum overgrowth in patients taking a CCB...

Stop Gum Disease Before it Threatens Your Dental Implant
...It’s a type of periodontal (gum) disease triggered by plaque, a thin film of food particles that can build up quickly in the absence of adequate brushing and flossing...

Proper Cleaning Techniques can Help you Control Chronic Bad Breath
...” In this case, we want to reduce the bacterial population through plaque removal, which in turn reduces the levels of VSCs...

Is Laser Treatment a Good Option for Controlling Gum Disease?
Although techniques for treating periodontal (gum) disease can vary, they all boil down to one objective: remove the bacterial plaque and calculus (hardened plaque deposits) that cause the infection...

3 Situations for Seeing a Periodontist
...This could be the case with periodontal (gum) disease, a bacterial infection triggered by a thin biofilm on tooth surfaces called dental plaque that isn’t adequately removed through daily oral hygiene practices...

Prompt Treatment for Gum Disease Could Ultimately Save Your Teeth
...Gum disease is caused by bacterial plaque, a thin biofilm that collects on teeth and is not removed due to poor oral hygiene practices...

Choose a Mouthrinse Carefully if you want to Enhance your Dental Health
...Chlorhexidine prevents bacteria from adhering to the teeth and so disrupts plaque buildup, the main cause of dental disease...

Gum Disease is Still a Threat to Your Dental Implants
...But to better ensure their longevity, you’ll need to keep your implants and the natural tissues supporting them clean of bacterial plaque, a sticky biofilm that can cause periodontal (gum) disease...

4 Tips for Instilling Good Family Hygiene Habits
...Brushing and flossing are the primary ways to remove bacterial plaque from teeth, the main cause for dental disease...

3 Factors to Consider When Buying a Toothbrush
...First, though, you need to know a toothbrush’s purpose expressed as two basic tasks: removing dental plaque, the thin biofilm that causes most dental disease; and stimulating the gums to maintain good health...

We'll Help You Maintain Your Oral Health After Gum Disease
...But after several plaque removal sessions and perhaps even surgical procedures to address deep infection, your gums have regained their healthy pink appearance...

You may need a Periodontist to Fully Treat Your Gum Disease
...While your dentist and hygienist are quite skilled at removing plaque and calculus, there may be extenuating circumstances that may benefit from the knowledge and expertise of a specialist...

Recreational Marijuana Could Increase Your Risk of Gum Disease
...This harmful bacterial infection triggered by plaque buildup can cause weakening of gum attachment to teeth and create the formation of large voids between teeth and gums called periodontal pockets...

How to Get the Most from Your Daily Brushing and Flossing
...The first thing to know, though, is the reason behind brushing and flossing: to remove disease-causing bacterial plaque that can build up daily on teeth...

Overcoming Gum Recession will Restore Dental Health and your Smile
...The primary goal is to remove the source of the disease, a thin film of food particles and bacteria called dental plaque, from all tooth and gum surfaces...

Grafting can Help Regenerate Gum Tissue Lost Through Recession
...Caused by bacterial plaque, a thin film of food particles that builds up on tooth surfaces, the disease weakens the gum tissues around teeth, causing them ultimately to detach and “roll up” toward the roots...

Diabetes and Oral Health: True or False?
...This includes brushing twice a day for two minutes each time, and flossing at least once each day to remove bacterial plaque between teeth...

Stay Ahead of Gum Disease Re-Infection with Periodontal Maintenance
...After several sessions of plaque and calculus (hardened plaque deposits) removal, your swollen, red gums finally begin to regain their healthy pink color...

Loose Permanent Teeth is a Problem - take Action Now
...Caused by bacterial plaque, a thin film of food particles, gum disease causes the tissues that support teeth to weaken and detach...

Be on the Alert for Gum Disease While Wearing Braces
...” But there’s one consequence of wearing braces that could dramatically affect your dental health: the difficulty they pose for keeping your teeth clean of dental plaque...

Gum Recession Could Shorten the Life of Your Teeth
... When teeth aren't properly cleaned through daily brushing and flossing, a thin film of bacteria and food remnant called plaque builds up on tooth surfaces...

Stop Gum Disease Before it Harms Your Health
...The most common cause is dental plaque, a thin biofilm of food particles on tooth surfaces that harbors the bacteria that triggers the disease...

Replacing a Tooth or Saving it - Which Should you do?
... Gum disease, on the other hand, is caused by dental plaque (a thin film of bacteria and food particles on tooth surfaces), and requires a different approach...

Are Lasers for Gum Disease Treatment in Our Future?
...Its remarkable features are now available for the primary focus of gum disease treatment—removing bacterial plaque...

Gum Infection Around Tooth Roots Calls for Immediate Action
... Gum disease is caused mainly by dental plaque, a thin film of bacteria and food particles built up on teeth due to ineffective brushing and flossing...

Your Case of Gingivitis Could Develop into Something More Harmful
...Our goal here is remove any bacterial plaque and calculus (hardened plaque deposits) that have built up on tooth surfaces, particularly below the gums...

Gum Disease Could be Affecting More Than Just Your Mouth
...Inflammation contributes to plaque buildup in blood vessels that impedes circulation and endangers the heart...

Watch for these 4 Signs of Gum Disease
...Caused by plaque, a thin film of food remnant and bacteria built up on the teeth due to poor oral hygiene, gum disease can aggressively spread deep into gum tissues without you even realizing it...

4 Important Facts About Gum Recession and What You can do About It
...A bacterial infection triggered by built-up dental plaque, gum disease weakens the gums’ attachment to teeth that leads to recession...

Boost Your Overall Health by Reducing Gum Inflammation
...This often happens with periodontal (gum) disease, an infection of the gums caused by bacterial plaque built up on teeth due to inadequate hygiene, which in turn triggers inflammation...

Stop Gum Disease Before it Becomes a Major Health Issue
...First, though, let’s look at how gum disease most often begins—with dental plaque, a thin film of bacteria and food particles built up on teeth and gum surfaces...

Baseball's Francisco Lindor Shines as "Mr. Smile"
...Even if you are conscientious about brushing and flossing at home, you won’t be able to remove all of the disease-causing dental plaque that can hide beneath the gum line, especially if it has hardened into tartar, but we can do it easily in the office...

Keep Alert for this Extreme Form of Gingivitis
It takes only a few days of inadequate oral hygiene for bacterial plaque to trigger the periodontal (gum) disease gingivitis...

Don't Wait - Seek Out Treatment for Gum Recession Now
...We do this by removing plaque, a thin film of bacteria and food particles that triggers the infection...

The Risk for Gum Disease Increases While Wearing Braces
...It’s an infection that arises when plaque, a thin film of bacteria and food particles, isn’t adequately removed from teeth with daily brushing and flossing...

Don't Delay Seeing the Dentist If You Suspect Gum Recession
...Bacteria and food particles, which make up dental plaque, trigger an infection...

The Howie Mandel Effect: Avoid Dental Disease Through Daily Brushing and Flossing
...You’ll be using that time—less than one percent of your 1,440 daily minutes—brushing and flossing to remove dental plaque buildup...

Lasers Poised to Transform Current Treatment for Gum Disease
... Gum disease is a bacterial infection triggered by plaque, a thin film of bacteria and food particles caused by inadequate oral hygiene...

4 Common Causes for Gum Recession
...The most common cause for gum recession is a bacterial infection called periodontal (gum) disease that most often arises from plaque, a thin film of bacteria and food particles accumulating on teeth...

Don't Let Gum Disease Cut Short Your Implant's Service Life
...A gum infection usually begins with dental plaque, a thin biofilm of bacteria and food particles that builds up on tooth surfaces...

Avoid Bone Loss around Tooth Roots through Regular Dental Care
... Gum disease is a bacterial infection that originates from a thin film of food particles on tooth surfaces called plaque...

4 Things that can Cause Gum Recession and What to do About Them
...Triggered mainly by bacterial plaque, gum disease can cause the gums to detach and then recede from the teeth...

Root Planing Cleans Plaque from Tooth Roots Without Surgery
Periodontal (gum) disease is an aggressive bacterial infection caused by built-up plaque on tooth surfaces...

Use the Same Prevention Strategy to Defeat Tooth Decay and Gum Disease
...And, they're both triggered by oral bacteria found in dental plaque, a thin film of food particles built up on tooth and gum surfaces...

Don't Let Your Loose Tooth Become a Lost Tooth
...Periodontal (gum) disease, a bacterial infection triggered by bacterial plaque, can inflame and weaken gum tissues, eventually causing bone loss followed by the gum tissue detaching from the teeth...

See Your Dentist ASAP to Save Your Loose Tooth
...With gum disease, we'll focus on removing dental plaque, the thin film of bacteria and tartar (calculus) fueling the infection...

4 Things You Should Do - or Not Do - to Maintain Your Oral Appliance
...Dentures can accumulate bacterial plaque just like your teeth...

Smoking Could Increase Your Gum Disease Risk
...The main cause for gum disease is dental plaque, a bacterial biofilm that accumulates on teeth due to ineffective oral hygiene...

Periodontal Probing Increases Accuracy in Diagnosing Gum Disease
...Our main goal is to remove bacterial plaque, a thin film of food particles that collects on teeth and is the main cause and continuing fuel for the infection...

Watch Out for Signs of Gum Recession
...The most common cause for gum recession is periodontal (gum) disease, an infection arising from the accumulation of a thin bacterial biofilm on the teeth called plaque...

Periodontal Surgery Allows us to Access Deep Surfaces for Plaque Removal
All treatments for periodontal (gum) disease focus on one goal — to remove any bacterial plaque and calculus (hardened plaque deposits) that are at the heart of the infection...

Treating Gum Disease is Good for Your Whole Body, Not Just Your Mouth
...Gum disease is a bacterial infection most often caused by dental plaque, a thin bacterial film that builds up on teeth in the absence of effective oral hygiene...

4 Simple Things You Can Do to Stop Bad Breath
...Remove dental plaque...

Keep These Top Factors in Mind When Buying Your Next Toothbrush
...You can avoid this paralysis if you remember why you're using a toothbrush in the first place—to remove the daily buildup of dental plaque, a thin bacterial film that causes tooth decay and gum disease...

These 4 Habits Could Help You Avoid Gum Disease
...Gum disease is a bacterial infection most often arising from dental plaque, a thin film of bacteria and food particles that accumulates on teeth...

Too Old to Straighten Your Smile? Not If You're Like These A-List Celebrities
...Misaligned teeth are more difficult to keep clean of dental plaque, which can increase your disease risk...

Treating Gum Disease around Tooth Roots is Hard - but Not Impossible
...We primarily treat gum disease by removing its main source, a thin film of bacteria and food particles called dental plaque that builds up on teeth...

Your Regular Dental Visits Might Change if You've had Gum Disease
...By thoroughly removing all plaque, the disease-causing, bacterial biofilm that accumulates on tooth surfaces, we can stop the infection and help the gums return to normal...

3 Things That Could Help You Avoid Another Round With Gum Disease
...Gum disease arises most often from dental plaque, a thin biofilm of disease-causing bacteria that builds up on tooth surfaces...

Managing Diabetes and Gum Disease Together will Lessen the Effect of Both
Periodontal (gum) disease is a progressive bacterial infection caused primarily by bacterial plaque on tooth surfaces not adequately removed by daily oral hygiene...

Inflammation is a Key Element in Both Oral and Systemic Diseases
...Inadequate hygiene allows a thin film of disease-causing bacteria and food particles called plaque to build up...

Uncovering Early Gum Disease Through Periodontal Probing
...Gum disease is a bacterial infection that most of the time arises from dental plaque...

Treating Gum Disease may Require Invasive Procedures
...Gum disease usually begins with dental plaque, a thin film of bacteria and food particles on tooth and gum surfaces...

A Winter Pick-Me-Up, Dental-Style
...If it sounds simple, it is! During your regular cleaning appointment, in addition to getting rid of plaque and tartar that cause dental disease, we use a polishing paste that removes surface stains...

Ultrasonic Plaque Removal an Effective Alternative to Manual Scaling
...While a daily habit of brushing and flossing cleans bacterial plaque from most tooth surfaces, it’s difficult to remove from places your brush or floss can’t access well...

Here's Why Gum Disease Could Be Lurking in Your Mouth Even Now
...Gum disease mainly begins with dental plaque, a thin film of food particles on tooth surfaces...

What To Do and Not Do for These 3 Common Childhood Dental Problems
...Continue to brush gently with a soft-bristled toothbrush around the gums to remove plaque, a thin-biofilm most responsible for gum infection...

We Need to Act Quickly to Save Your Loose Tooth
...The main treatment for gum disease is to remove dental plaque, a thin film of bacteria and food particles that's the usual cause for the infection...

Preventing Gum Disease Could Help More Than Your Teeth and Gums
...You can lessen this link between gum disease and other conditions—as well as improve your oral health—by preventing or seeking prompt treatment for any periodontal infection in the following ways: Practice daily brushing and flossing to clear away bacterial dental plaque, the main cause of gum disease; See your dentist regularly for more thorough dental cleanings and checkups; See your dentist promptly if you notice red, swollen or bleeding gums, common signs of a gum infection; Stop smoking to lower your risk for both gum disease and tooth decay; Adopt a healthy diet, which can help you lose weight (a factor in diabetes and other inflammatory diseases) and strengthen your immune system; Manage other inflammatory conditions to lessen their effect on your gum disease risk...

4 Tips for Maintaining Healthy Tooth Enamel
...Brushing is necessary for removing bacterial plaque that can trigger dental disease...

Gum Recession Can Rob You of Your Smile and Your Dental Health Too
...For the latter, your primary defense is gentle but thorough brushing and flossing every day to remove harmful dental plaque...

5 Things You Can Do To Keep Your Teeth and Gums Healthy
...These twin tasks remove the daily buildup of plaque, a thin bacterial biofilm most responsible for tooth decay and gum disease...

Do This For a Healthier Mouth and Overall Well-Being
...Clear away plaque...

Bone Loss at the Roots can Put Your Tooth in Danger of Loss
...It all begins with periodontal (gum) disease caused by built-up bacterial plaque from insufficient brushing and flossing...

Gum Disease Can Be Stopped but You Could Be in For a Long Fight
...This is periodontal (gum) disease, a bacterial infection caused by dental plaque, a thin biofilm that accumulates on tooth surfaces...

See Your Dentist ASAP If You Have a Loose Permanent Tooth
...The more common source of ligament damage, though, is periodontal (gum) disease, usually caused by dental plaque, a thin film of bacteria and food particles left on tooth surfaces...

Keeping Gum Disease at Bay Could Help Your Overall Health
...Gum disease is caused by plaque, a thin film of bacteria and food particles that builds up on tooth surfaces due to a lack of daily brushing and flossing...

Smile Enhancements That Could Make Your Wedding Day Like No Other
...A dental cleaning removes plaque and tartar that can yellow and dull teeth...

Glossary
... Gingivitis - A minor disease of the gums caused by plaque...

Medication and Heart Disease
...Saliva is one of your body's natural defenses against plaque because it acts to rinse your mouth of cavity-causing bacteria and other harmful materials...

Brushing
Brushing is the most effective method for removing harmful plaque from your teeth and gums...

Flossing
... Many dentists believe that flossing is the single most important weapon against plaque...

Prevention Tips for Children
... Sealants Sealants fill in the little ridges on the chewing part of your teeth to protect and seal the tooth from food and plaque...

Bad Breath (halitosis)
... Gum disease is caused by plaque - the sticky, often colorless, film of bacteria that constantly forms on teeth...

Cavities and Tooth Decay
...  Left inside your mouth from non-brushing and flossing, these materials break down quickly, allowing bacteria to do their dirty work in the form of a harmful, colorless sticky substance called plaque...

Gum Disease (Gingivitis)
...In general, gum disease can be caused by long-term exposure to plaque, the sticky but colorless film on teeth that forms after eating or sleeping...

Crowns
...It is very important to floss in the area of the crown to avoid excess plaque or collection of debris around the restoration...

Dentures
...Brush the denture (preferably with a denture brush) daily to remove food deposits and plaque, and keep it from becoming permanently stained...

Crowns and Bridges
...It is very important to floss in the area of the crown to avoid excess plaque or collection of debris around the restoration...

Periodontal Exams
... During your periodontal examination, your dentist will check: For any lumps or abnormal areas in the mouth Whether any of your teeth are missing or loose The color, texture, size and shape of your gums Whether you have fillings, crowns, bridges, dentures or implants How much plaque is on your teeth The depth of the space between your tooth and gum Gingivitis is the first stage of periodontal disease that causes inflammation of the gums...